Purpose of the Congregation
The general purpose of the Congregation of St. Pius V is to promote the glory of God and the sanctification of its members. The special purpose is to perform works of charity toward the Sacred Heart of Jesus and our neighbor by numerous and various means, such as the daily Holy Hour, especially the Holy Hour on Thursday nights from eleven to midnight; the spread of devotion to the Sacred Heart; the sanctification of the faithful and the conversion of non-Catholics. The Congregation may also engage in other charitable and apostolic activities in accordance with the rules and regulations of its Constitutions.
Why a Congregation?
The reason that the Congregation of St. Pius V was established at Immaculate Heart Seminary was to form and ordain holy priests consumed with love for God and for souls, who will provide the valid Catholic Mass and Sacraments for the faithful.
According to the Code of Canon Law there are essentially only two ways in which one may live the life of a priest. One way is to live under a diocesan bishop whom one is obliged to obey under pain of mortal sin. The other way is to live what is called a common life.
This manner of life is expressed clearly in Canon Law, which describes various types of common life, such as Religious Orders, Religious Congregations, and, as in the case of the Congregation of St. Pius V, Societies of the Common Life without Public Vows. Canon 111 of the Code of Canon Law states: "Every cleric must belong to either some diocese or some religious institute and there shall be no unattached clerics." Those living a common life pray together, work together, live together, have their meals and recreation together.
The Congregation of St. Pius V has been established according to the rules laid out in the Code of Canon Law as a Society of the Common Life without Public Vows. It is an organization in which the members live the common life, and in which both superiors and subjects are governed by a written set of Constitutions. According to the mind of the Church, this is for the good of the priests who are ordained and for the good of the people they serve.
The Congregation of St. Pius V is primarily a clerical Congregation. Priests may be assigned to the seminary or to another house of the Congregation. They offer the Holy Sacrifice of the Mass daily and administer the Sacraments to the faithful in various chapels and missions in the United States. Among other works, they teach classes and perform other duties at the seminary.
The Congregation also admits coadjutor Brothers, whose function it is to assist the priests in the fulfilment of their duties. The Brothers may thus do domestic work and other works of manual labor; they may also teach Catechism and in certain cases academic subjects at the seminary if they are qualified, or they may teach in schools of the Congregation or schools affiliated with the Congregation. The Brothers follow the common life with the priest members. A coadjutor Brother may constitute one of the three members necessary to establish a house or mission of the Congregation. All members of the Congregation, whether priests or brothers, are equally bound to observe the Constitutions, the common life and the daily schedule.